How To Replace Toilet Seat

toilet seat

How To Replace Toilet Seat

how to replace toilet seat
how to replace toilet seat

When learning how to replace toilet seats first thing we need to learn is to be safe. Always wear a pair of rubber gloves just to stop diseases spreading. Remember we are working with a toilet here. Like a lot of things there is many ways to do a job and this is my system on how i do it.

Step 1-Check The Size Of The Old Toilet Seat

Toilet seats come in a variety of sizes. Check the measurements of the seat’s fastening bolts to make sure you buy a seat that will fit properly for your toilet bowl. Some toilets are more rounder the others as well so as well as the distance between the fastening holes measure the distance of the rim like below

toilet seat measure
toilet seat measure

.The size and spacing of mounting holes for most modern toilets are standard same as the width of the seat (with small variations). The most important thing to know is if your seat is round or oblong. Round seats are about 16 inches (40.6 cm) from front-to-back, and oblong are about 18 inches (45.7 cm) from front-to-back.

Step 2-Out With The Old

toilet seat fasteners
toilet seat fasteners

For me when i’m replacing a toilet seat i always close the lid before getting down onto my knees and kneeling in front of the bowl. Just one of those personnel things when leaning over the toilet undoing the nuts. There is no set way so once you have the gloves on just undo the plastic huts that holds the seat on. Once both are unscrewed just lift the toilet seat assembly up off the bowl. Once the set is off now is a good time to give the top of the bowl a good clean with disinfectant before installing the new seat.

Step 3-Install The New Toilet Seat

how to replace a toilet seat
how to replace a toilet seat

Slide the plastic bolts into the slots on the back of the new seat and then insert the bolts into the holes at the back of the toilet bowl.  Screw the wing nuts onto the plastic bolts and tighten them up firm. Don’t go over board on the nuts as remember there only plastic. Once the nuts have been firmly tightened up the seat is installed and ready for use.

Conclusion:

Well there you have it. You have learnt how to measure a toilet bowl to see what size seat you need when looking to replace the old one. How to remove the old and install the new seat once you have found the one you like in it’s simplest form. Some seats maybe bit more involved but the principle is the same. If you in the market for a new toilet seat then you should check out this one as it ideal for the winter months to as it has a built in seat warmer.

 

 

 

 

Leaking Mixer Tap

leaking mixer tap

Leaking Mixer Tap

leaking mixer tap
leaking mixer tap

This repair is done on a shower mixer tap but the repair is the same on any leaking mixer tap regardless if its a kitchen, bath or shower mixer taps its all the same process. The only differences is the size and type of disc that goes in them. You wont know which disc you have until its pulled apart as each one has different location lugs where they sit inside the housing. Once apart you will see what i mean with the locations of the holes and pins

First of all we have to make sure the water is turned off to the mixer taps. Will make one hell of a mess if trying to do this job and the water is still turned on that’s for sure. If you require more info about turning the water off have a look here as it might help you. Once that part is all sought-ed with the water off lets get into the fun part.

Tools you will need

You will need some hand tools for this job and that consists of

  • hex or allen keys some times there called.
  • adjustable spanner

 

Step 1- Remove Screw In Handle

flick mixer tap
flick mixer tap

As you can see on the under side of the mixer there is a hole. Normally there is a red and blue button that shows which side is hot and cold. I had all ready removed that sorry. Under the button inside the hole is a small hex screw. Loosing off the hex screw try not to take it right out as its only small and don’t drop it. After you have loosing off the screw to the handle its time to remove it.

Step 2-Remove the handle

 

mixer tap repair
mixer tap repair

Pull or lift depending on tap location so if you are repairing say a basin mixer tap then to remove the handle you would lift up. This tap is mounted on the wall In this case it’s a shower mixer tap so will be pulling square out to the wall towards my chest.

Step 3-Remove the dome cover

how to fix a mixer tap
how to fix a mixer tap

 

Once the handle has been removed then using your hands unscrew the dome cover. It should be able to turn by hand if not then maybe need to use a pair of multi grips but in doing so make sure to protect the cover. Put a rag between the cover and the grips of the tool you are going to use so it doesn’t scratch the dome. Once that is off go to step 4

Step 4-Removing the locking nut

kitchen mixer taps
kitchen mixer taps

 

Removing the locking nut from the tapware will expose the mixer cartridge.

Step 5-Remove the mixer cartridge

bathroom mixer
bathroom mixer

Remove the mixer cartridge by holding onto the white part where the handle sits and pull out the same way as did with the handle. This is as far as can go until get back from the hard ware shop with new same disc.

flick mixer tap leaking
flick mixer tap leaking

When installing the new mixer cartridge you will see in the housing there is 5 holes. The 2 smaller holes are the location holes for the disc, the bottom holes are hot and cold and the center is where the hot and cold water comes out at the shower head. Installing the new cartridge is just as easy just reverse of the above procedure.

 

Conclusion:

As you cans see those small little jobs around the home can be a easy fix with a little help and some idea on the procedure. If you follow these simple steps you will be fixing your own leaking taps in no time. Learn More on how to change a tap wash.

Best Tin Snips

wiss tin snips

Best tin snips

best tin snips
best tin snips

Are you looking for the best tin snips on the market then wiss are up there. Over the past 20 years as a plumber and roofer there is only 2 brands of snips to buy. Wiss and gilbow You want quality as a reasonable price then they are it. Aviation tin snips are also what wiss snips often are called so don’t be confused same tin snips in shape and style just maybe different brand as well.

Wiss Tin Snips Color Handle System Guide

When buying wiss tin snips you will notice they have different color rubber grips on the handles. Red, yellow and green. This color is a code to let you know which tin snip you using by just looking at the handle as they have there own unique cutting style. Below i will explain the differences and types you can get

Red Handle:

red handle wiss tin snip
red handle wiss tin snip

 Red handle aviation snips are a left cut snip. They are ideal for cutting around left tight curves and cutting straight. What i mean by left cut is with each cut the metal as you are looking at the snips left hand side curls up as you close the jaws to enable you to keep cutting. They are designed to cut light gauge low carbon cold rolled steel. Very accurate, precisely and easily does it. With non-slip serrated jaws made from molybdenum steel and a compound lever action, they deliver extra power when you need it most. They also feature a safety latch for added protection.

  • Non-slip serrated jaws are made of wear-resistant molybdenum steel
  • Provides extra service demanded by the compound lever action
  • Self-opening action for fast, effortless feed
  • Vibrant red handles for easy identification

Green Handle:

green handle wiss tins snips
green handle wiss tins snips

Green handle wiss aviation snips have yep you guessed it opposite to the reds they have a right cut. They are ideal for cutting around right tight curves and cutting straight. What i mean by right cut is with each cut of the metal as you are looking at the snips the right hand side lifts up as you close the jaws to enable you to keep cutting. They are designed to cut light gauge low carbon cold rolled steel. Very accurate, precisely and easily does it. With non-slip serrated jaws made from molybdenum steel and a compound lever action, they deliver extra power when you need it most. They also feature a safety latch for added protection.

  • Non-slip serrated jaws are made of wear-resistant molybdenum steel
  • Provides extra service demanded by the compound lever action
  • Self-opening action for fast, effortless feed
  • Vibrant green handles for easy identification

Yellow Handle: 

yellow handle wiss snips
yellow handle wiss snips

 

Yellow handle wiss snips are made to cut straight or can be used for slight curves and corners. Wiss Aviation Compound Action Tin Snips are designed to cut low carbon cold rolled steel precisely and easily.
With non-slip serrated jaws made from molybdenum steel and a compound lever action, they deliver extra power when you need it most.
For added protection, these snips also feature a safety latch.

  • Cuts straight, left or right in light stock
  • Non-slip serrated jaws are made of wear-resistant molybdenum steel
  • Provides extra service demanded by the compound lever action
  • Self-opening action for fast, effortless feed
  • Vibrant yellow handles for easy identification

Most plumbers have red and greens but not really needing the yellows as when we want to cut straight its in long lengths so this is where the gilbows coming into it. Aviation snips are good for trimming and cutting out little sections not for long straight cuts due there small jaw size.

gilbow tin snips
gilbow tin snips

Crafted from drop forged carbon steel gilbow tin snips feature a non-slip joint set and safety stops to prevent trapped fingers, making them great general purpose snips.

  • Drop forged carbon steel handles and blades.
  • Double hollow ground blades reduce friction for easier cutting.
  • Unique non-slip joint set and tested for a perfect cut.

These tin snips come straight cut as in picture and able to buy them to cut either right or left just like the wiss snips do. There dearer to buy as there bigger. A person who does roofing and metal ducting work will require these snips for doing those long straight cuts.

Conclusion

As you can see there are few different types and brands of tin snips on the market and i have covered only a few different 1’s. There is bull dog snips, left and right offset snips, curved blades snips just keeps going and going. For the plumber these are the main snips you need to have in your tool kit are red and green handle wiss snips and a straight cut gilbow snips for those long cuts.

Another good thing about wiss snips and can get new springs if need be. One little thing with wiss aviation snips is that over time when using the nut tighten ups where the jaws are. Just loosen off when does it a common thing with them.  Below are few different types that you can purchased from amazon.

 

Which Hammer To Buy

estwing hammer

Which hammer To Buy-

which hammer to buy
which hammer to buy

There is a wide range of hammers available on the market these days You walk into the hardware store find the hammer section and here they all are on the wall. Now the question becomes which hammer to buy. They vary in shape, size and weight. The different styles reflect different uses.

The shape of Hammer heads has not changed much over the years although some modern materials are now used in both the head and handle. Traditionally handles were made of wood which went through a hole in the head and wedges where used in the end of the handle to stop the head fall off when in use. This method allowed the handle to be easily replaced if required. Most modern hammers have the handles built into the head making it all one piece and often with some form of built-in shock absorber to make them easier to use. Below is a few different styles and brands to help you out with what to buy as a plumber or the diyer

Claw Hammer

estwing hammer
estwing hammer

The most popular hammer for general work. If you are going to buy a hammer this will be your go to in the plumbing trade. Available with a wooden, fiberglass or steel handle. Wooden handles don’t normal come with a rubber grip like the fiberglass and steel handles do. They come in a few different weights and the  most popular weights are 455-680g (16 to 24oz). The heavier the hammer the hard the your blow or strike is when making contact also more effort to swing as well. The claw is normally curved and incorporates a ‘V’ shape to draw nails from timber and be used to lever up floorboards or where other places where a lever is required. Care must be taken especially with cheaper models as the force applied can easily weaken the joint between the handle and the head.

 

Club Hammer Or Mash Hammer

 

club mash hammer
club mash hammer

 

Sometimes called a mash hammer or club hammer they are little brother to the sledge hammer. They have a double faced head and is useful for light demolition work. Can be used for driving steel chisels and masonry nails or knocking out a brick or two. As debris is likely to fly always recommend the wearing of safety glasses and hearing protection is recommended. Weight 1135g (2 1/2 lb) being best suited to domestic work. Handles are normally much the same as a claw hammer where can get them in wood, fiberglass or steel.

 

Sledge Hammer

sledge hammer
sledge hammer

Used for the heavier jobs such as driving in steel stakes for boxing when doing concreting or breaking up concrete to gain access below where the pipes are in the ground. Very handy for knocking down bricks or have a stubborn pole that may need little help to move as well. The list is endless for what sledge hammer can do.  For lighter jobs just the weight of the head may be used for small soft  blow’s but for heavier work the sledge hammer is swung like an axe. Always wear suitable protective clothing including safety glasses. Weights 7, 10 and 14 lb.

Most 2 Popular Hammer Brands To Look At When Buying

Estwing Hammer:

estwing hammer
estwing hammer

 Estwing’s Solid Steel Claw Hammers provide unsurpassed balance and temper. The head and handle are forged in one piece. Have a huge range from standard nail hammer up to sledge hammers and beyond. Click here to see what others are saying about it

  • One piece drop forged steel
  • Unsurpassed finish and balance
  • Genuine original leather or rubber grip handles

 

 

Stanley Hammer: 

stanley hammer
stanley hammer

The Stanley Fatmax hammer has a jacketed graphite core which adds strength and durability in the handle while providing the ‘feel of wood’. The high-carbon, polished steel head is precision balanced. The rim temper reduces incidences of chipping or spalling. The ribbed grip allows air to cool hand and channels sweat away. Patented head-to-handle assembly. Click here for more info and what others are saying

  • High-carbon, polished steel head is precision balanced
  • Jacketed graphite core
  • Ribbed grip
  • Large strike face
  • Flared grip end helps to prevent hammer from slipping out of user’s hand

As you can see there is littery heaps and heaps of non knowing brands and styles. Best thing is to buy the best hammer you can afford at the time. It’s personnel preference weight and shape of you hammer as long as it does the job in a safe ad correct manner there will never be any problem .

Advice for using hammers

Always use the right hammer for the job, it will make the job easier and may avoid possible damage to the hammer/workpiece.

When assembling delicate work, use a piece of scrap wood between the work piece and the head of the hammer. This will prevent damage to the workpiece.

Where the handle is held in the hammer head by steel wedges, check regularly to ensure the wedges are tight. Timber handle can shrink in dry conditions.

If a timber handle does start become loose, place the head in water overnight, the water will cause the handle to expand and tighten in the head.

If a hammer tends to slip off nails over time wax builds up on the head. Roughen the face of the head using some sandpaper or rub it on some concrete.

Always wear safety glasses when breaking up concrete and other materials that can shatter.

Look after you hand tools and they will last a life time. If you looking for some info about best  tin snips check this out here for more info

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